Gallery: A Visual History of The Artificial Dog

aibo collage.jpg

Sony’s four-legged entertainment bot AIBO launched a decade ago. At left is a figure from patent #6458011, which was filed in 2001 by inventors Makoto Inoue and Emi Kato:

A walking-on-four-legs type robot whose body is connected at the front right, front left, rear right, and rear left with legs is adapted so that its action saves the user trouble and increases the user’s affection for, and curiosity about, the robot.

I find the evolution of the artificial dog fascinating. Check out more patented pooches &mdash from analog to animatronic, including more iterations from Sony &mdash after the jump…

[top right image via Sony]

claude_NEW.jpg

Patent #: D51470
Filing date: Sep 13, 1917
Issue date: Nov 1917
Inventor: CLAUDE S. HAMMOCK
Assignee: NOBBYTOY COMPANY
What Was New: ornamental design for a toy, substantially as shown

dog neal_NEW.jpg

Patent #: D72237
Filing date: Aug 6, 1926
Issue date: Mar 1927
Inventor: NEAL W. PLOOSTER
What Was New: ornamental design for a toy dog, as shown

dog 1945_NEW.jpg

Patent #: 2385914
Filing date: Apr 24, 1945
Issue date: Oct 1945
Inventor: Generale
What Was New: pull toy comprising a “dog-simulating member”

wiener3.jpg

Patent #: D179949
Filing date: Feb 28, 1956
Issue date: Mar 1957
Inventor: Helen H. Malsed
What Was New: ornamental design for an expanding/contracting toy

animal figure_NEW.jpg

Patent #: D186323
Filing date: Mar 27, 1959
Issue date: Oct 1959
Inventor: David M. Kinniburgh
What Was New: ornamental design for an animal figure

glass_NEW.jpg

Patent #: 2909001
Filing date: Mar 12, 1956
Issue date: Oct 20, 1959
Inventor: M. I. GLASS
What Was New: electrically-driven wheeled figure toy

Note: design was eventually refined

figurine_NEW.jpg

Patent #: D373801
Filing date: Apr 28, 1995
Issue date: Sep 17, 1996
Inventors: Keiko Doi, Masatsune Sasaki
Assignees: Tomy Company, Ltd.
What Was New: ornamental design for a toy figurine, as shown

articulated_NEW.jpg

Patent #: D382029
Filing date: Feb 9, 1996
Issue date: Aug 5, 1997
Inventor: Simon Kat Hong Cheng
Assignees: James Industries, Inc.
What Was New: SLINKY dog pull toy

apparatus_NEW.jpg

Patent #: 6337552
Filing date: Dec 8, 1999
Issue date: Jan 8, 2002
Inventors: Makoto Inoue, Taku Yokoyama
Assignee: Sony Corporation
What Was New: robot apparatus capable of autonomously performing actions in natural ways

robotic dog_NEW.jpg

Patent #: D457203
Filing date: Oct 17, 2000
Issue date: May 14, 2002
Inventors: Tomohiko Onishi, Nobata Fujio
Assignees: Sega Toys, Ltd.
What Was New: ornamental design for a robotic dog, as shown and described

Shinya Saito_NEW.jpg

Patent #: D445849
Filing date: Jan 10, 2001
Issue date: Jul 31, 2001
Inventor: Shinya Saito
Assignees: Tomy Company, Ltd.
What Was New: ornamental design for the dog robot toy, as shown

amusement.jpg

Patent #: 6736694
Filing date: Feb 5, 2001
Issue date: May 18, 2004
Inventors: James R. Hornsby, Marcellus R. Benson, Joseph L. McGowan, Arne A. Schmidt, William H. Bronson, Jr.
Assignees: All Season Toys, Inc.
What Was New: an interactive amusement device and system encompassing a primary robotic unit which performs actions communicated by a remote wireless transmitter and at least one secondary robotic unit which interacts through wireless communication with the primary robotic unit

dog mie _NEW.jpg

Patent #: D448433
Filing date: May 1, 2000
Issue date: Sep 25, 2001
Inventors: Mie Ueda, Tomohiko Onishi, Nobata Fujio
Assignee: Sega Toys Ltd.
What Was New: ornamental design for a robotic dog, as shown and described

toy moon_NEW.jpg

Patent #: D468375
Filing date: Apr 30, 2002
Issue date: Jan 7, 2003
Inventor: Moon-Lam So
Assignee: May Cheong Toy Products Factory Limited
What Was New: ornamental design for a toy dog, as shown and described

dog junko_NEW.jpg

Patent #: D467983
Filing date: May 8, 2002
Issue date: Dec 31, 2002
Inventor: Junko Yamazaki
Assignees: Tomy Company, Ltd.
What Was New: ornamental design for a dog toy, as shown and described

multipersona_NEW.jpg

Patent #: 7118443
Filing date: Sep 25, 2003
Issue date: Oct 10, 2006
Inventors: Jon C. Marine, Tara McGrath, Joyce Mesch, Kevin W. Gray, Ok-Soo Choi
Assignees: Mattel, Inc.
What Was New: animated toys adapted to imitate multiple personas

robot yuka_NEW.jpg

Patent #: D511188
Filing date: Nov 4, 2003
Issue date: Nov 1, 2005
Inventors: Yuka Takeda, Jun Uchiyama, Kozo Kawakita, Hironari Hoshino, Daisuke Ishii, Nobuhiko Oguchi, Taku Sugawara
Assignee: Sony Corporation
What Was New: ornamental design for a robot, as shown (ERS-111, 210, 311)

robotic judkins_NEW.jpg

Patent #: D537891
Filing date: Jul 15, 2005
Issue date: Mar 6, 2007
Inventors: Daniel Judkins, Endo Yoshiyuki, Fujio Nobata
Assignees: Hasbro, Inc.
What Was New: ornamental design for a robotic dog, as shown and described

toy robot_NEW.jpg

Patent #: D572319
Filing date: Jan 19, 2007
Issue date: Jul 1, 2008
Inventor: Shiu Hang Yuen
Assignee: Golden Bright Manufacturer Ltd.
What Was New: ornamental design for toy robot dog, as shown and described

judkins2_NEW.jpg

Patent #: D566794
Filing date: Sep 11, 2007
Issue date: Apr 15, 2008
Inventors: Daniel Judkins, Ceileidh Siegel
Assignees: Hasbro, Inc.
What Was New: ornamental design for a robotic dog, as shown and described.

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4 Responses to Gallery: A Visual History of The Artificial Dog

  1. animalmakers says:

    Animal Makers has been providing artificial dogs for over 30 years. One of our most famous is “Rowdy”, the “pet” on “Scrubs”.
    -Jim

  2. dculberson says:

    “its action saves the user trouble”

    Ahh, such a comforting phrase.

  3. Steven Leckart says:

    @MZED, that’s a good one.

    I featured only consumer dogbots that have been patented. A fictional character, K-9 is likely trademarked, but I’ve yet to find any toy patent for the design.

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